The Massachusetts Transportation and Climate Initiative (TCI) or something very much like it, perhaps stronger, is needed because of one simple reason.
The false color heatmap below shows the Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emissions from roadways in Southern New England in 2017, based upon data from the NASA ORNL DAAC.
Period. Cannot get to the targets of the Massachusetts Global Warming Solutions Act (GWSA) by decarbonizing electricity production alone, and, with NIMBYism on putting up things like solar farms and land-based wind turbines, even that’s a stretch. Moreover, next will be decarbonizing heating and cooling. Fugitive emissions from natural gas pipelines still have not been addressed.
Vehicle emissions are part of the fossil fuel infrastructure.