### Distributed Solar: The Democratizaton of Energy

### Blogroll

- Beautiful Weeds of New York City
- GeoEnergy Math Prof Paul Pukite’s Web site devoted to energy derived from geological and geophysical processes and categorized according to its originating source.
- Mertonian norms
- WEAPONS OF MATH DESTRUCTION, reviews Reviews of Cathy O’Neil’s new book
- Fear and Loathing in Data Science Cory Lesmeister’s savage journey to the heart of Big Data
- Risk and Well-Being
- All about Sankey diagrams
- Why "naive Bayes" is not Bayesian Explains why the so-called “naive Bayes” classifier is not Bayesian. The setup is okay, but estimating probabilities by doing relative frequencies instead of using Dirichlet conjugate priors or integration strays from The Path.
- Pat's blog While it is described as “The mathematical (and other) thoughts of a (now retired) math teacher”, this is false humility, as it chronicles the present and past life and times of mathematicians in their context. Recommended.
- James' Empty Blog
- Number Cruncher Politics
- Busting Myths About Heat Pumps Heat pumps are perhaps the most efficient heating and cooling systems available. Recent literature distributed by utilities hawking natural gas and other sources use performance figures from heat pumps as they were available 15 years ago. See today’s.
- Gavin Simpson
- "Talking Politics" podcast David Runciman, Helen Thompson
- The Keeling Curve: its history History of the Keeling Curve and Charles David Keeling
- Mike Bloomberg, 2020 He can get progress on climate done, has the means and experts to counter the Trump and Republican digital disinformation machine, and has the experience, knowledge, and depth of experience to achieve and unify.
- Leverhulme Centre for Climate Change Mitigation
- Quotes by Nikola Tesla Quotes by Nikola Tesla, including some of others he greatly liked.
- Dominic Cummings blog Chief advisor to the PM, United Kingdom
- Higgs from AIR describing NAO and EA Stephanie Higgs from AIR Worldwide gives a nice description of NAO and EA in the context of discussing “The Geographic Impact of Climate Signals on European Winter Storms”
- Survey Methodology, Prof Ron Fricker http://faculty.nps.edu/rdfricke/
- John Cook's reasons to use Bayesian inference
- American Statistical Association
- Simon Wood's must-read paper on dynamic modeling of complex systems I highlighted Professor Wood’s paper in https://hypergeometric.wordpress.com/2014/12/26/struggling-with-problems-already-attacked/
- OOI Data Nuggets OOI Ocean Data Lab: The Data Nuggets
- Los Alamos Center for Bayesian Methods
- Karl Broman
- "Consider a Flat Pond" Invited talk introducing systems thinking, by Jan Galkowski, at First Parish in Needham, UU, via Zoom
- WEAPONS OF MATH DESTRUCTION Cathy O’Neil’s WEAPONS OF MATH DESTRUCTION,
- Leadership lessons from Lao Tzu
- Earth Family Alpha Michael Osborne’s blog (former Executive at Austin Energy, now Chairman of the Electric Utility Commission for Austin, Texas)
- Awkward Botany
- Rasmus Bååth's Research Blog Bayesian statistics and data analysis
- The Plastic Pick-Up: Discovering new sources of marine plastic pollution
- Team Andrew Weinberg Walking September 8th for the Jimmy Fund!
- Harvard's Project Implicit
- Musings on Quantitative Paleoecology Quantitative methods and palaeoenvironments.
- Bob Altemeyer on authoritarianism (via Dan Satterfield) The science behind the GOP civil war
- Earle Wilson
- AP Statistics: Sampling, by Michael Porinchak Twin City Schools
- Subsidies for wind and solar versus subsidies for fossil fuels
- South Shore Recycling Cooperative Materials management, technical assistance and networking, town advocacy, public outreach
- Earth Family Beta MIchael Osborne’s blog on Science and the like
- Darren Wilkinson's introduction to ABC Darren Wilkinson’s introduction to approximate Bayesian computation (“ABC”). See also his post about summary statistics for ABC https://darrenjw.wordpress.com/2013/09/01/summary-stats-for-abc/
- Mrooijer's Numbers R 4Us
- Why It’s So Freaking Hard To Make A Good COVID-19 Model Five Thirty Eight’s take on why pandemic modeling is so difficult
- SASB Sustainability Accounting Standards Board
- "Perpetual Ocean" from NASA GSFC
- Tony Seba Solar energy, electric vehicle, energy storage, and business disruption professor and visionary
- Brian McGill's Dynamic Ecology blog Quantitative biology with pithy insights regarding applications of statistical methods

### climate change

- "Betting strategies on fluctuations in the transient response of greenhouse warming" By Risbey, Lewandowsky, Hunter, Monselesan: Betting against climate change on durations of 15+ years is no longer a rational proposition.
- The Carbon Cycle The Carbon Cycle, monitored by The Carbon Project
- Isaac Held's blog In the spirit of Ray Pierrehumbert’s “big ideas come from small models” in his textbook, PRINCIPLES OF PLANETARY CLIMATE, Dr Held presents quantitative essays regarding one feature or another of the Earth’s climate and weather system.
- "When Did Global Warming Stop" Doc Snow’s treatment of the denier claim that there’s been no warming for the most recent N years. (See http://hubpages.com/@doc-snow for more on him.)
- Berkeley Earth Surface Temperature
- Rabett Run Incisive analysis of climate science versus deliberate distraction
- weather blocking patterns
- "Lessons of the Little Ice Age" (Farber) From Dan Farber, at LEGAL PLANET
- US$165/tonne CO2: Sweden Sweden has a Carbon Dioxide tax of US$165 per tonne at present. CO2 tax was imposed in 1991. GDP has grown 60%.
- Tuft's Professor Kenneth Lang on the physical chemistry of the Greenhouse Effect
- SOLAR PRODUCTION at Westwood Statistical Studios Generation charts for our home in Westwood, MA
- Andy Zucker's "Climate Change and Psychology"
- Eli on the spectroscopic basis of atmospheric radiation physical chemistry
- Interview with Wally Broecker Interview with Wally Broecker
- James Powell on sampling the climate consensus
- Mathematics and Climate Research Network The Mathematics and Climate Research Network (MCRN) engages mathematicians to collaborating on the cryosphere, conceptual model validation, data assimilation, the electric grid, food systems, nonsmooth systems, paleoclimate, resilience, tipping points.
- Climate model projections versus observations
- James Hansen and granddaughter Sophie on moving forward with progress on climate
- Ellenbogen: There is no Such Thing as Wind Turbine Syndrome
- “Ways to [try to] slow the Solar Century''
- `Who to believe on climate change': Simple checks By Bart Verheggen
- Transitioning to fully renewable energy Professor Saul Griffiths talks to transitioning the customer journey, from a dependency upon fossil fuels to an electrified future
- "Warming Slowdown?" (part 2 of 2) The idea of a global warming slowdown or hiatus is critically examined, emphasizing the literature, the datasets, and means and methods for telling such. The second part.
- An open letter to Steve Levitt
- Simple models of climate change
- Model state level energy policy for New Englad Bob Massie’s proposed energy policy for Massachusetts, an admirable model for energy policy anywhere in New England
- Warming slowdown discussion
- ATTP summarizes all that stuff about Committed Warming from AND THEN THERE’S PHYSICS
- `The unchained goddess' 1958 Bell Telephone Science Hour broadcast regarding, among other things, climate change.
- Bloomberg interactive graph on “What's warming the world''
- The Scientific Case for Modern Human-caused Global Warming
- Climate at a glance Current state of the climate, from NOAA
- Documenting the Climate Deniarati at work
- David Appell's early climate science
- NOAA Annual Greenhouse Gas Index report The annual assessment by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of the radiative forcing from constituent atmospheric greenhouse gases
- Dessler's 6 minute Greenhouse Effect video
- Climate impacts on retail and supply chains
- Grid parity map for Solar PV in United States
- Climate Change: A health emergency … New England Journal of Medicine Caren G. Solomon, M.D., M.P.H., and Regina C. LaRocque, M.D., M.P.H., January 17, 2019 N Engl J Med 2019; 380:209-211 DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp1817067
- Klaus Lackner (ASU), Silicon Kingdom Holdings (SKH) Capturing CO2 from air at scale
- "Impacts of Green New Deal energy plans on grid stability, costs, jobs, health, and climate in 143 countries" (Jacobson, Delucchi, Cameron, et al) Global warming, air pollution, and energy insecurity are three of the greatest problems facing humanity. To address these problems, we develop Green New Deal energy roadmaps for 143 countries.
- Jacobson WWS literature index
- Updating the Climate Science: What path is the real world following? From Professors Makiko Sato & James Hansen of Columbia University
- Tell Utilities Solar Won't Be Killed Barry Goldwater, Jr’s campaign to push for solar expansion against monopolistic utilities, as a Republican
- Sea Change Boston
- RealClimate
- The HUMAN-caused greenhouse effect, in under 5 minutes, by Bill Nye
- "Mighty Microgrids" Webinar This is a Webinar on YouTube about Microgrids from the Institute for Local Self-Reliance (ILSR), featuring New York State and Minnesota
- HotWhopper: It's excellent. Global warming and climate change. Eavesdropping on the deniosphere, its weird pseudo-science and crazy conspiracy whoppers.
- “The Irrelevance of Saturation: Why Carbon Dioxide Matters'' (Bart Levenson)

### Archives

### Jan Galkowski

# Category Archives: Student t distribution

## “Bayesian replication analysis” (by John Kruschke)

“… the ability to express [hypotheses] as distributions over parameters …” Bayesian estimation supersedes the t-test: (Also by Professor Kruschke.)

## Dikran Marsupial’s excellent bit on hypothesis testing applied to climate, or how it should be applied, if at all

Frankly, I wish some geophysicists and climate scientists wrote more as if they thoroughly understood this, let alone deniers to try to discredit climate disruption. See “What does statistically significant actually mean?”. Of course, while statistical power of a test … Continue reading

## “Catching long tail distribution” (Ted Dunning)

One of the best presentations on what can happen if someone takes a naive approach to network data. It also highlights what is, to my mind, the greatly underappreciated t-distribution, which is typically only used in connection with frequentist Student … Continue reading

## p-values and hypothesis tests: the Bayesian(s) rule

The American Statistical Association of which I am a longtime member issued an important statement today which will hopefully move statistical practice in engineering and especially in the sciences away from the misleading practice of using p-values and hypothesis tests. … Continue reading

Posted in approximate Bayesian computation, arXiv, Bayes, Bayesian, Bayesian inversion, bollocks, Christian Robert, climate, complex systems, data science, Frequentist, information theoretic statistics, likelihood-free, Markov Chain Monte Carlo, MCMC, Monte Carlo Statistical Methods, population biology, rationality, reasonableness, science, scientific publishing, statistical dependence, statistics, stochastics, Student t distribution
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## Hansen et al.

Originally posted on Open Mind:

A new paper by Hansen et al., Ice melt, sea level rise and superstorms: evidence from paleoclimate data, climate modeling, and modern observations that 2 °C global warming is highly dangerous is currently under review…

Posted in adaptation, Antarctica, Anthropocene, Arctic, astrophysics, bifurcations, bridge to nowhere, carbon dioxide, carbon dioxide capture, Cauchy distribution, chance, civilization, climate, climate change, climate disruption, climate zombies, COP21, denial, differential equations, dynamical systems, ecology, economics, environment, ethics, floods, forecasting, games of chance, geophysics, global warming, Hyper Anthropocene, IPCC, James Hansen, mathematics, maths, meteorology, nor'easters, oceanography, physics, politics, probability, rationality, reasonableness, science, sea level rise, statistics, Student t distribution, Tamino, temporal myopia, the right to know, transparency, UNFCCC, zero carbon
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## “Cauchy Distribution: Evil or Angel?” (from Xian)

Cauchy Distribution: Evil or Angel?. From Professor Christian Robert.